Swachh Survekshan 2018 is designed on a SMART framework and addresses a city’s complete Solid Waste Management chain across different cleanliness parameters. How can it accelerate its goals through game-changing approaches with a strong regulatory, legal framework and strict enforcement? Analyze.

  • The Minister of State (I/C), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Shri Hardeep S Puri has officially kicked off the Swachh Survekshan 2019, the fourth edition of the annual cleanliness survey of Urban India.
  • Swachh Survekshan, which is conducted by an independent third party, is to encourage large scale citizen participation, ensure sustainability of initiatives taken towards garbage free and open defecation free cities, provide credible outcomes which would be validated by third-party certification, institutionalize existing systems through online processes and create awareness amongst all sections of society about the importance of working together towards making towns and cities a better place to live in.
  • Additionally, the survey also intends to foster a spirit of healthy competition among towns and cities to improve their service delivery to citizens, towards creating cleaner cities.
  • The progress of cities in SBM ODF+ and SBM ODF++ should be noted.
  • While the focus of SBM ODF+ protocol is on sustaining toilet usage by ensuring their functionality, cleanliness, and maintenance
  • The SBM ODF++ protocol focuses on achieving sanitation sustainability by addressing complete sanitation value chain, including safe and complete fecal sludge management.
  • As on date, 7 cities (Indore, Ujjain, Khargone, Shahganj, Rajnandgaon, Ambikapur and Bhilai) have been certified ODF++ and 35 cities certified ODF+.
  • This year, the survey will be conducted across 4,237 towns and cities between January 4 – 28, 2019.
  • The completely digital and paperless survey will be completed in a record time of 28 days.
  • This was followed by ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ conducted in January-February 2017 where 434 cities were ranked.
  • The third round of survey ‘Swachh Survekshan-2018’ was a quantum leap of scale – conducted across 4,203 cities, in a record time of 66 days, and became the largest ever sanitation survey in the world, impacting around 40 crore people.

                                      Key Highlights of Swachh Survekshan 2019

  • Fully digitized survey through online MIS
  • Data will be collected from 4 broad sources – ‘Service Level Progress’, Direct Observation, Citizens Feedback, and Certification.
  • Revised weightage for the components under ‘Service Level Progress’, adding a new component ‘By-Laws’
  • Certification (Star Rating of Garbage Free Cities and Open Defecation Free Protocols) MoHUA has introduced an important component of ‘Certification’ of the city on two different aspects:
  • Star Rating of Garbage Free Cities: The cities would be evaluated on the basis of the star rating achieved by them as per the protocol released by MoHUA.
  • The Star Rating protocol is based on 12 parameters and follows a SMART framework – Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification mechanism and Targeted towards outcomes – and has been devised in a holistic manner including components such as cleanliness of drains & water bodies, plastic waste management, managing construction & demolition waste, etc. which are critical drivers for achieving garbage free cities.
  • In order to give added impetus to cities to accelerate their journey towards a garbage-free status, the Swachh Survekshan 2019 has allocated 20% weightage of marks to the star rating certifications.
  • Open Defecation Free Protocols: A 5% weightage has been allotted in the Swachh Survekshan to ODF certifications.
  • Direct Observation (On-field independent observation and collection of data): The collection of data from Direct Observation shall be based on physical observation by independent survey agency.
  • Citizen Feedback will be collected from Citizens directly (face to face), through Outbound Calls, 1969, Swachhata App/Swachh Manch and through Swachh Survekshan-2019 portal.
  • In addition to collecting feedbacks, the performance of Swachhata App will also be evaluated under ‘Citizens Feedback’.