How can the National policy on domestic workers give recognition to domestic workers besides making them eligible for minimum wages, social security, and safe working conditions?
As per the National Sample Survey(NSSO Statsitics-2011-2012,68th round) according to which estimated 39 lakhs people are employed as domestic workers by private households, of which 26 lakhs are female domestic workers.
The Ministry of Labour & Employment is considering to formulate a National Policy on Domestic Workers which is in the draft stage.
The salient features of the proposed draft National Policy
- Inclusion of Domestic Workers in the existing legislations
- Domestic workers will have the justify to register as unorganized workers. Such registration will facilitate their access to justifys & benefits.
- justify to form their own associations/unions
- justify to minimum wages, access to social security
- justify to enhance their skills
- Protection of Domestic Workers from abuse and exploitation
- Domestic Workers to have access to courts, tribunals for grievance redressal
- Establishment of a mechanism for regulation of private placement agencies.
- Establishment of a grievance redressal system for domestic workers.
What are some of the government’s existing policy nets to safeguard the interests of Domestic Workers. Explain.
- The Central Government is already implementing Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008, to provide social security relating to life and disability cover, health and maternity benefits, old age protection to the unorganised workers including domestic workers.
- Various Ministries/Departments of the Central Government are implementing schemes like National Old Age Pension Scheme (Ministry of Rural Development); National Family Benefit Scheme (Ministry of Rural Development); Janani Suraksha Yojana (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare), Ayushman Bharat (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare)
- Central Government has recently converged the social security schemes of Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana (AABY) with Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) to provide life and disability coverage to the unorganised workers for the age group of 18 to 50 years depending upon their eligibility.
- Converged PMJJBY gives coverage of Rs2 lakhs on death at premium of Rs.330/- per annum for an age span from 18 to 50 years.
- Converged PMSBY gives coverage of Rs.2 lakhs on accidental death and disability at premium of Rs.12 per annum.
- These converged schemes of PMJJBY/PMSBY are being implemented by Ministry of Labour & Employment through Life Insurance Corporation of India.
- The annual premium is shared on 50:50 basis by the Central Government and the State Governments.
- Domestic Workers have also been included as a specific category of workers (with home as the workplace) in the Sexual Harassment of women at workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (2013).
- In several States, trade unions are organizing domestic workers and unions have been registered exclusively for domestic workers.
- Domestic Workers Sector Skills Council has been established under Ministry of Skills Development to enable professionalization of domestic workers and enable their career progression.