How has ‘Reform, Perform and Transform’ dictum of the government a giant step in transforming the lives of the people through Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana?
In order to provide clean cooking fuel to BPL households in the country, the Government has launched “Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana”(PMUY) scheme to provide 5 Crore deposit-free LPG connections to women belonging to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families, which were subsequently increased to 8 Crore with a budgetary allocation of Rs. 12800 crore.
- Universal PMUY now covers release of LPG connections under Pradhan Mantri UjjwalaYojana (PMUY) to all poor on account of their names not been covered in earlier identified categories like identified through Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) list and in case the names are not appearing in the SECC list, beneficiaries are identified from categories i.e. SC/STs households, beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY (Gramin), Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY), Forest dwellers, Most backward Classes (MBC), Tea & Ex-Tea Garden Tribes and people residing in Islands/ river islands.
- The initial target of 5 crore connections was achieved well before the target i.e.31st March, 2019.
THE OTHER MAJOR ANGLES
- It not only tackles the health and environmental problems due to household smoke, but also empowers the women and restores control to them over their destiny.
- In the fifty years since the launch of LPG, only 13 crore connections were provided while in the last 54 months, almost similar number of connections have been provided by this government.
- Coverage of LPG connections has jumped from 55% in 204 to 90% now.
- Almost 80% beneficiaries under the PMUY have been refilling the cylinders.
- The PMUY has been hailed by the international organizations and developed countries while it has set an example for the developing countries of the world.
- Implementation of PMUY has resulted in significant increase in national LPG coverage, in general and Eastern States, in particular.
- The scheme has resulted in mass coverage of rural poor households and 48% of the beneficiaries are SC/STs.
- While 74% beneficiaries under the scheme, who could not afford to make upfront payment for purchase of gas stove and first refill, were provided loan facility by the OMCs.
- It is significant to mention that under the PMUY the average per capita consumption is 3.28.
- This should be seen as a positive change in the lives of these households which were long dependent on the traditional cooking fuels and methods.
- LPG Panchayats are being observed to promote learning through peer group interaction – Kuch Seekhein, Kuch Sikhayein, where apart from experience sharing, it also aims at safe and sustained usage of LPG.
- To make LPG affordable to poor families, OMCs have introduced 5 Kg refill option to Ujjwala beneficiaries where in Ujjwala beneficiary can swap 14.2 Kg cylinder with 5 Kg refill and vice versa.
- PMUY implementation has been appreciated by the World Health Organization (WHO) and termed it as a decisive intervention to check the indoor health pollution being faced by the women of the country.