• Though India and Nepal had agreed to collaborate on conducting the tiger census in their countries in 2018, they’ve yet to sign an agreement on sharing detailed assessments of the numbers.
  • With India’s census still ongoing, a senior official from Nepal said that they would not share data until India too shared its numbers.
  • We were expecting an agreement to be signed during the ongoing conference Global Tiger Recovery Programme that has 13 countries with wild tiger populations in attendance but that hasn’t happened.
  • Nepal already publicised the results of its tiger census last September — 235 — and this represents an 18% rise from the 198 tigers in 2013.
  • However, India needs details on the locations of these tigers, which are captured via camera traps, to be sure that some tigers found on the border are not double-counted.
  • Prior to beginning its census India had also signed agreements with Bhutan and Bangladesh regarding sharing tiger numbers and conducting surveys using a common methodology.
  • Both these countries had already shared data with India.
  • Officially, India had 2,226 tigers as of 2014.
  • An ongoing census is expected to reveal an update to these numbers. 25-35% of India’s tigers now lived outside protected reserves.
  • The Chitwan National Park in Chitwan and Parsa Wildlife Reserve of Nepal are adjacent to the Balmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar.
  • Likewise, Nepal’s Bardiya National Park adjoins India’s Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, while the Shuklaphant National Park in Nepal adjoins India’s Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
  • Commissioned by the Union Environment Ministry’s National Tiger Conservation Authority, the ₹10 crore tiger census this year involves 40,000 forest guards traversing 4,00,000 sq. km. of forests; wildlife biologists independently assessing them; approximately a year’s duration of field work; 14,000 camera traps; and coordination with 18 States.
  • Along with tigers, the survey also collects information on the prey population of deer and other animals.

  • After States with tiger survey and compile data, they must send it to institutions such as the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun which analyses the numbers.

What is Global Tiger Recovery Program? (CONCEPT BUILDER)

  • The Global Tiger Recovery Program seeks to empower Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) to address the entire spectrum of threats, domestic as well as those that are transboundary in nature, and work toward increased financial sustainability through the integration of conservation objectives into development.
  • To address the crisis haunting the Tiger Survival especially the Asian biodiversity crisis, the TRCs, international organizations, and civil society have come together on a collaborative platform within the framework of the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) at St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • Through the GTI, a GTRP has been developed with the shared goal of doubling the number of wild tigers globally by 2022 for:
  • To effectively manage, preserve, protect, and enhance tiger habitats.
  • To eradicate poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of tigers, their parts, and derivatives.