• A herd of six female elephants surviving under severe anthropogenic stress may be helped by trans-boundary conservation.
  • For several years now, the beleaguered group has been negotiating the international border between India and Bangladesh, ranging from the western side of the Karimganj district of Assam to the eastern side to the Sylhet district of Bangladesh.
  • Researchers said that its last male elephant died almost five years ago, causing the population to stagnate.
  • Electrocution caused the death of a female elephant in 2017.
  • The elephants are now divided into two small herds with three in each group, and one herd always follows the other.
  • They stay on both sides of the forest, that is, the sections in India as well as Bangladesh, and cross the border frequently.
  • They have broken border fences to use their migratory corridor
  • The researchers said a greater part of the elephants’ habitat lies in southern Assam’s Patharia Hills Reserve Forest, where a lot of illegal settlements have come up in the recent decades
  • During the summer, from April to July, the elephants stay in Bangladesh, while in the winter, from November to December, they prefer to remain in the forest patches and tea estates of the Indian side.